In case you have just purchased a new subwoofer and you don’t know much about the available options for the enclosure. Perhaps you only know that there is the sealed, ported and bandpass subwoofer enclosures. Keep reading to know the effectiveness and effects of each one of them.
The sealed enclosure is quite small in the three enclosures. These are best for small cars or sports cars. However, there are some advantages and disadvantages to it. Sealed enclosures are perfect because they do not use up much trunk space. These produce accurate bass but do not have the boom effect, unlike the rest. Since the sealed enclosure is airtight, that is the reason there is no boom effect as no air escapes the box interior. You need a powerful amplifier and a subwoofer to bypass this restriction. Sealed enclosure subwoofer does not work well with people handling high wattage.
The ported or vented enclosure requires more room as it is larger. If you are not concerned for space then ported enclosures can be your solution. The ported design is determined by the vent to enable air to move freely. In ported enclosures, sound comes from the interior to the enclosure rear to the outside. It has a boom effect, but the bass response is not very accurate. There is no need for much power from the ported system because the subwoofer can move freely in the airtight box so every sound can be heard.
The largest of the three is the bandpass enclosure. Its design is based on the number of ports as well as the main chambers. One chamber is for the subwoofer and the other for air space in the enclosure for the echo. It does not have an accurate bass, but its boom effect is high. If you care for space then you should know that a bandpass enclosure will use most space in the trunk. Bandpass enclosures use up little power as compared to the sealed enclosure. You should tightly install your bandpass enclosure because any loose fits will rattle and be heard on the bandpass setup.
When choosing a subwoofer box you should ensure you buy the right MDF and not simple wood. High-quality MDF ensures that your enclosure boxes do not rattle and withstand high temperatures. For external appearance you can get either the vinyl finish or a carpet exterior. Vinyl finish is easier to clean while carpet exterior finish will protect the enclosure from scratches. There are times when a person can think of having more than one subwoofer in a single box. Money and space determine this.
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